Visiting Trafalgar Square, London

Updated on 26 Nov 2022

Trafalgar Square – This square is considered a centre of democracy where the public can hold rallies and demonstrations at weekends on various political, religious and general issues. It is a centrally located open space with historic importance where people can just spend time or participated in the various events that take place here throughout the year.
The area which covers the Square today was originally the courtyard of the Great Mews Stabling of Whitehall Palace. In the early 18th century the Mews were put out of use by the Royal family and it was decided to make this a place open to the public. John Nash, the architect, gave the initial plan for the Square in 1812. In 1830 it was named Trafalgar Square. Over the subsequent years the Square has evolved. Other famous architects who have contributed to its development include William Wilkins, Sir Charles Barry, Sir Edwin Landseer (the bronze lions set up in 1867) Nelson’s ColumnWilliam Railton (the Nelson’s Column erected in 1843) etc. Apart from the Nelson’s Column, the Square has fountains and statues.

The Square has a Café which also has a bar. It is open from 10 AM to 6 PM. It is wheelchair accessible. The public toilets are situated at the base of the central staircase. They are open from 8 AM to 8 PM.
For the safety and convenience of the visitors the Heritage Wardens were introduced in 2000. They are at the square 24/7 and helps with information on the Square attractions and facilities as also assistance during events.

How to get to Trafalgar Square –

Tube: Charing Cross (on the Bakerloo & Northern Lines) which has an exit on Trafalgar Square.
Other stations close by, from where the Square is easily accessed are Leicester Square (Northern and Piccadilly Lines), Embankment (On Bakerloo, Northern, District and Circle lines) and Piccadilly Circus (on the Bakerloo and Piccadilly Lines).

Bus: Routes 139, 159, 176, 453, 3, 6, 9, 11, 12, 77A, 88, 91, 13, 15, 23, 24, 53.
Some routes start/end near the square. They are  N2, N5, N18, N20, N21, N26, N29, N41, N47, N50, N89, N91, N97, N279, N381 and 53.
Other routes which touch Trafalgar Square are N3, N9, N11, N13, N15, N36, N44, N52, N77, N155, N159, N343, 6, 12, 23, 24, 88, 139, 176, 453.

Charing Cross Mainline Rail Station is also nearby – within walking distance of the Square.   Trafalgar Square

The official Trip/Journey Planner is very helpful.

Why Visit Trafalgar Square London

Visiting Trafalgar Square is one of the best things to do when in London. You’ll find many attractions here to suit every taste, and there are even some great things to see during the Christmas period. You can take a look at the National Portrait Gallery and Nelson’s Column, and there are also some great fountains to watch.

Nelson’s Column

Located in Trafalgar Square in central London, Nelson’s Column is a landmark monument in commemoration of Admiral Horatio Nelson, who died in the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. The column was originally built in 1840 and 1843. The monument was designed by William Railton and constructed from Dartmoor granite.

The column is topped by a statue of Admiral Lord Nelson. He holds a sword in his left hand. The statue is of Corinthian order and is fluted.

The monument has been decorated with four bas-relief panels on the pedestal, which depict the battles of Nelson’s career. They include the Battle of Cape St Vincent, the Battle of the Nile, the Battle of Copenhagen and the Battle of Trafalgar.

The Nelson statue is made from Craigleith sandstone and is 18 feet tall. It is sculpted by Edward Hodges Baily. The Nelson statue is topped by a black bronze lion.

In 2006, Nelson’s Column was refurbished. Its height was measured and the pedestal refurbished. The column is surrounded by fountains.


Located in the City of Westminster, Trafalgar Square is a public square dedicated to the Battle of Trafalgar. It was laid out in the early nineteenth century and has been a focal point of the City for centuries.

One of the most famous landmarks in London, Trafalgar Square is home to a number of fountains. The original fountains were designed by Sir Charles Barry and installed in 1845. They were later upgraded with memorials in 1935.

After World War II, work was suspended until 1947. When the Square was redeveloped, fountains were installed. They are now the main attractions of the Square and are considered to be the most famous in the world.

The fountains at Trafalgar Square were designed by Sir Charles Barry, who was also an architect of the Houses of Parliament. The fountains were intended to deter rioters from causing trouble in the Square.

The fountains are powered by two engines, one for the general supply and one for the fountains. The lower bowl is 10 feet in diameter and the upper bowl is 5 feet. They are made of Aberdeen granite, which is a coloured granite that is known for its durability and hardness.

Christmas tree

Known as the Trafalgar Square Christmas Tree, the Norwegian Spruce that stands in the square has garnered the attention of the public in recent years. The tree, which is 69 feet tall and is topped with a white star, is usually decorated with hundreds of white lights. It is also wonched into position by a hydraulic crane.

However, in recent years, the tree has received a mixed reaction. Some critics have praised its size and height, while others have criticized its appearance. Some have even compared it to a barber’s pole.

The Christmas tree has been a highlight of the London countdown to Christmas since the early 1940s. Its arrival in the UK is a thank you from Norway for Britain’s support during World War II. The Norwegians choose a suitable tree well in advance, and it is transported by land and sea to London.

It has a Twitter account and a bio which invites visitors to attend the lighting ceremony. The tree has also been the subject of a poetry project, which is read at the ceremony.

National Portrait Gallery

Located just off Trafalgar Square, the National Portrait Gallery is a fascinating museum. It is the oldest portrait gallery in the world and holds the world’s largest collection of portraits. The gallery was founded in 1856 and is regarded as one of the most famous cultural attractions in Britain.

The gallery is free to enter. The permanent collection consists of over 11,000 works and comprises a wide range of portraits from the Tudor period to the present day. Its holdings include drawings, paintings, photographs, and sculptures. These works are arranged chronologically and the collection illustrates different themes in British history.

The gallery’s holdings include images of famous British citizens, as well as photographs of politicians and pop culture icons. In addition to the permanent collection, the galleries also host temporary exhibitions. These are arranged in different periods, such as the Renaissance and the Elizabethan eras.

The collection also includes portraits by famous artists like William Hogarth, Hans Holbein the Younger, and Anthony Van Dick. Portraits of royalty, literary titans, and other notable people also feature in the collection.